Posts Tagged ‘Blacksmith’

Blacksmith Supplies – Blacksmithing Books

In the past, many people who became blacksmiths first started as an apprentice.  Those new to blacksmithing may not have a role model to follow and learn from today.  With the internet there is plenty of knowledge out there to learn how to be a blacksmith, what blacksmith supplies you need, and techniques to shape metal.  Although the internet is a great resource , including websites dedicated to blacksmithing, its always good to have a resource that has everything at the tip of your fingers.  In other words, a good blacksmithing book is very helpful when starting out in the world of blacksmithing.  A very good book for a new blacksmith is the The Backyard Blacksmith: Traditional Techniques for the Modern Smithblacksmith

Its full of good information from an experienced blacksmith and will guide you in how to correctly forge and shape metal into anything that you want.

Here is a video of the author, Lorelei Sims, teaching some blacksmith techniques.  Not sure the reason why the video is compiled the way it is but the info from Lorelei Sims is good.

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Blacksmith Supplies – Blacksmith Anvil Stand

Another major component to your blacksmith supplies is an anvil stand.  It is vital that you place an anvil on a stand that is the correct height.  If the anvil is not at the correct height, the faster you will become fatigued when hammering metal into shape.  The height of the anvil stand is different for every blacksmith.  Many blacksmiths use the knuckle rule which means that when the anvil is placed on the anvil stand it will reach your knuckles when you loosely ball your fists with your arms at your side.  This usually enables a blacksmith to get maximum swing and velocity  of the hammer without straining your back.  Of course the knuckle technique is no magic bullet and you should adjust the height of the anvil stand to fit your body and needs.

Blacksmiths use various materials to make an anvil stand or you could just buy a stand.  Some anvil stands are just a big piece of oak from a fallen tree or if you are in your backyard you can cut down a tree and place the anvil on the stump.  Whatever type of anvil stand you use, it must be secure and level.  If the stand is not sturdy enough it will just bounce around all over your blacksmith shop.  The anvil stand must also be able to secure the anvil from moving around when hammering.  If the anvil stand or the anvil itself moves around when you are hammering you will lose efficiency and it will take more time and energy to create the metalwork.

Below is a good video I found on how to make an anvil stand:

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Blacksmith Supplies – Blacksmith Hammer

The most important tools of your blacksmith supplies is a hammer.  The hammer is vital for a blacksmith just like a paint brush is for a painter.  With a hammer the blacksmith creates his master piece of metalwork.  He shapes iron into whatever form he desires.  Without a hammer there is no blacksmith.  The most common blacksmith hammers are Cross Peen Hammers and Ball Peen Hammers.  The Cross Peen Hammer (see below photo) has a flat striking end and a wedge-shaped surface on the other end.

blacksmith hammer

A Ball Peen Hammer (see below photo) has a similar striking face as a regular hammer and the other end is ball shaped.

blacksmith hammer

Both hammers are designed to assist a blacksmith in shaping the iron with their unique ends.  For most blacksmith work you should not use a hammer that weighs more than 3 pounds.  The heavier the hammer the faster you will get tired when striking against the anvil.  When starting out as a blacksmith you should obtain several hammers of different weights to determine the one that best suits your size and strength.

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Blacksmith Supplies – The Basic Supplies That All Blacksmiths Need

blacksmith suppliesThe blacksmith has many tools and supplies.  The most recognizable tool of a blacksmith is the anvil.  The anvil is a heavy piece of cast iron or steel that a blacksmith uses to shape a piece of iron. 

Steel anvils are preferable over cast iron anvils.   The next most recognizable tool of a blacksmith is a hammer.  There are several different types of hammers but the main thing is that it should be heavy enough when striking the iron and anvil, but not too heavy to wear you out and cause fatigue.  Most work can be handled by two hammers, one weighing 1 1/2 or 2 lbs and another hammer weighing 3 or 3 1/2 lbs.

Another important tool of a blacksmith is the tong.  Tongs are used to hold and manipulate the hot metal.  Tongs are vital in moving the iron from the forge to the anvil and/or vise grip.  The blacksmith also has a forge which is where he has created a hot fire.  The forge usually contains coal, charcoal or some type of gas in order to heat the iron to extreme high temperatures.  Bitimunous coal is the preferred fuel since it burns slow and at very high temperatures.  You will also need a blower attached to the forge in order to increase the temperature of the forge fire that is needed to form the iron.

Other supplies such as swages for the anvil help form the iron to the shape you want.  Of course you will need raw pieces of iron that you can use in blacksmithing and creating new objects.  

Once you have created an object, finishing supplies such as bees wax will help protect the finish of the object.  You should also have a metal brush to remove oxidation during the forging process. 

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